It is the second most important city of Cuba, birthplace of Cuban Son music and the Revolution. Essentially hospitable people, lively and bustling town with museums and fortresses of colonial era, squares and buildings, ruins of coffee plantations, beaches and underwater remains of the Spanish-Cuban-American War. Natural landscapes, the three highest elevations in Cuba and the Gran Piedra make it ideal for ecotourism. Sanctuary of Caridad del Cobre, saint patroness of Cuba. Popular festivities are celebrated, like the Caribbean Festival.